By Donald Lupo, Wolfgang Clemens, Sven Breitung (auth.), Eugenio Cantatore (eds.)
Organic and published electronics can permit a revolution within the functions of electronics and this publication deals readers an outline of the cutting-edge during this quickly evolving area. the doubtless reasonably priced, compatibility with versatile substrates and the wealth of units that signify natural and revealed electronics will make attainable functions that pass a long way past the well known monitors made with large-area silicon electronics. in view that natural electronics are nonetheless of their early level, present process transition from lab-scale and prototype actions to construction, this ebook serves as a useful photo of the present panorama of the several units enabled via this expertise, reviewing all functions which are constructing and people may be foreseen.
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Extra info for Applications of Organic and Printed Electronics: A Technology-Enabled Revolution
Inkjet printing requires significant efforts to properly design an ink formulation for reliable jetting and optimized film quality. In parallel, an optimized drive waveform is responsible for reliable jetting behaviour. A droplet ejected by the piezo-driven print head has a velocity of a few meters per second. Prior to the impact on the substrate, the droplet should afford a round shape avoiding tails and satellites. g. printing of materials emitting different colours in small pockets on tiles for OLED display applications or printing metal electrode grids on OPVs, where high resolution is a prerequisite for reasonable performance.
5b) , where the film formation is based on the spreading of droplets and combining with adjacent droplets, forming a liquid bulk that dries during vaporization of the solvent vehicle. The transfer of rather large droplets from microns to tens of microns via spray involves an individual drying of single droplets on the substrate and prevents the formation of a closed liquid film. Hence, the surface roughness of spray coated films is typically in the tens of nanometers compared to significantly smoother spin coated or doctor bladed films, which are typically in the range of few nanometers.
3 % PCE measured under monochromatic illumination . 3 Recently, screen printing of anode and cathode materials with high resolution has also been reported [35, 36]. All these results prove the potential of screen printing for manufacturing OPVs. Moreover, screen printing is an elegant and fast technology that is compatible with roll-to-roll processing. 4 Spray Coating Spray coating [37, 38] was recently reported as a convenient technique for the fabrication of BHJ devices. Vak et al. 83 % PCE.