By John Weinman
* completely revised to mirror the key advancements within the box of psychology as utilized to medication and the emergence of 'health psychology' as a considerable speciality * New themes were further together with sections on counselling, cognitive methods to therapy * The references within the textual content and for extra interpreting were up-to-date and revised * a large yet short review of psychology as utilized to medication * presents a place to begin & framework for clinical scholars
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Extra resources for An Outline of Psychology As Applied to Medicine
T h e general picture at the m o m e n t is that short-term m e m o r y is mediated by electrical activity and that m o r e p e r m a n e n t storage takes place through chemical or structural changes, or both. g. by electroconvulsive therapy) can disrupt consolidation of memory. A suggested underlying mechanism is that of the 'reverberating loop', which would comprise a specific closed network of cells corresponding to a single memory. Once stimulated, reverberations could continue for a short period of time holding the information active.
This point is dealt with in Chapter 8 on child development. Second, it must be r e m e m b e r e d that most behavioural functions are to some degree represented in both cerebral hemispheres with one hemisphere showing a greater specialization. This is certainly true for language functions since there is increasing evidence that the right hemisphere can carry out some aspects of language processing, as well as taking over all language processing in the event of early left hemisphere damage (Krashen, 1976).
Long-term storage would have to involve a more p e r m a n e n t structural change of the neural circuit. This could be achieved by specific chemical changes, probably in the synapse or in the growth of new synapses. These two possibilities are not mutually exclusive and some evidence for both exists, but the chemical 28 A n o u t l i n e of p s y c h o l o g y theories are currently m o r e favoured. T h e r e are now quite a number of studies implicating R N A in m e m o r y storage, although the grossness of these studies often leaves room for doubt.