By Elly van Gelderen
This advent offers a full of life and obviously written textbook. It introduces uncomplicated strategies of grammar in a structure which encourages the reader to take advantage of linguistic arguments. the fashion of the booklet is attractive and examples from poetry, jokes, and puns illustrate grammatical concepts.The concentration is on syntactic research and proof. despite the fact that, distinctive subject sections give a contribution sociolinguistic and ancient purposes in the back of prescriptive ideas reminiscent of the bans on break up infinitives, dangling participles, and preposition stranding.The booklet is based for a semester-long path. It presents workouts, keys to these workouts, and pattern tests. it's also a complete word list and recommendations for additional examining.
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Extra info for An Introduction to the Grammar of English: Syntactic Arguments and Socio-historical Backgrounds
The Mesa Tribune, 15 February 1999, A1 911 system stretched thin. Explain what the adjectives in (47) to (52) modify. In these sentences, it is possible to add a -ly and make the adjective into an adverb. Then, the meaning changes since now the adverb modiﬁes the verb. Can you do that? Examples of ‘incorrect use’ are listed in (53) to (56). Explain why they are prescriptively incorrect: 53. Judge in Texas (quoted in the NYT, 30 August 1995, A9) ‘because if she doesn’t do good in school, then …’.
They do not expand into an AdvP of their own. An example of an Adjective Phrase is given in (9a) and of an Adverb Phrase in (9b). The (D)Adv indicates a degree adverb. From now on, just Adv will be used: AdjP 9. a. AdvP b. (D)Adv Adj (D)Adv Adj so nice very quickly In (9a), the head of the AdjP is the adjective nice, but this head is modiﬁed by a degree adverb so; in (9b), the adverb quickly expands into a phrase and is modiﬁed by the degree adverb very that does not form a phrase of its own. That’s why I choose not to make very the head of an AdvP.
An important concept for classifying determiners is specify (or point to) and one for classifying adjectives and adverbs is modify (or describe the quality of). The key terms in this chapter are lexical category (Noun, Verb, Adjective, Adverb, Preposition and Pronoun) and grammatical category (Determiner, Quantiﬁer, Auxiliary, Coordinator and Complementizer), or open as opposed to closed. Exercises A. Make a sentence (a) where an adjective modiﬁes a noun, (b) where an adverb modiﬁes an adjective, (c) where an adverb modiﬁes another adverb and the two together modify a verb.