By Gregson Davis
Target? C?saire is the easiest identified poet within the French Caribbean. during this learn Gregson Davis examines C?saire's remarkable twin profession as author and elected baby-kisser. As the most profound critics of colonialism, C?saire, the said inventor of the well-known time period "negritude", has been a highly influential determine in shaping the modern discourse at the postcolonial hindrance. Gregson Davis' account of C?saire's highbrow development is grounded in a cautious examining of the poetry, prose and drama that illustrates the entire variety and intensity of his literary success.
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19 Thus in Paris the older Musee Trocadero, whose notorious jumble of art objects from around the world epitomized Clifford's "ethnographic surreal," was transformed into the more rationally organized Musee de l'Homme in 1938 - seven years after the mammoth "International Colonial Exhibition" (held in Paris) had advertised its motley array of artistic trophies. In fine, the wherewithal for a sensitive black artist to contribute to the rehabilitation of a non-Western aesthetic while continuing to assimilate the most progressive components of the West was abundantly present in the vibrant intercultural ambience of prewar Paris.
As we shall have occasion to demonstrate throughout this study, art and literature are closely intertwined in the aesthetic theory and practice of contemporary verbal artists, such as the surrealist poets Andre Breton, Robert Desnos and Benjamin Peret. The anthropologist and cultural historian James Clifford has furnished us with the most insightful description to date of the intellectual collage that made the convergence between surrealist practice (both verbal and visual) and European ethnography both probable and fecund at this epoch.
Cahier, for instance, conspicuously avoids either regular meter or rhyme (the rare examples of the former are exceptions that prove the rule). The groups of lines into which the poem is spatially organized vary in length and resemble paragaphs in a prosepoem. In its disjointed style and apocalyptic tone, Cesaire's first poem seems to erupt onto the page with all the violence of a volcano, as layers of images are superimposed like so many successive flows of lava. The comparison would no doubt appeal to Cesaire, who has described himself as "Peleean" after the famous Martinican volcano, Mt.