By Josh Gregory,Kathleen Petelinsek
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Extra info for Adverbs
E. their present-day merger, Chomsky reasons, must avail itself of unpredictable listed information, thereby necessitating their removal from the syntax and their listing, leading to an enrichment of the lexicon. Chomsky (1970) does note, however, that alongside potential idiosyncrasies, de-verbal nominals are frequently systematically related to their verbal source, to wit, destroy and destruction, defer and deferral, and so on. To capture these regularities, he introduces X0 -theory, within which a pair such as destroy/destruction can be perceived as a single category-less entry with a ﬁxed subcategorization frame.
A Lexical choice entailed that the morpheme combination merged as such at D-structure. A Syntactic choice entailed the merger of the morpheme combination as a super-tier, of sorts, of an already existing syntactic structure, providing it matched it phonologically. Morpheme combinations, in all cases, were syntactically opaque. A merger as a super-tier, however, left the syntactic ‘under-tier’ available, thereby giving rise to the appearance of wordinternal transparency. No such transparency emerged for a D-structure merger, as no syntactic parallel structure existed to correspond to it.
To illustrate, within the area of phonology, such an account would need to address itself, at the very least, to deﬁning a domain within which one can ﬁnd stem alternations such as ceive/cept or sing/sang and to how information about such alternations and their environment is to be encoded. g. transform is nominalized as 15 Note that the relationship between the inner box and the outer box need not be linear and was explicitly assumed not to be so in Parallel Morphology (cf. ). That the inner box must be distinct, formally, from the outer box was argued expressly in Borer (1998b), as based on distinct formal properties of morphological and syntactic operations.