By Luis López
During this quantity, Luis L?pez sheds new gentle on info constitution and makes an important contribution to paintings on grammatical operations within the Minimalist application. via a cautious research of dislocations and concentration fronting in Romance, the writer exhibits that notions resembling 'topic' and 'focus', as frequently outlined, yield no predictions and proposes as a substitute a function process according to the notions 'discourse anaphor' and 'contrast'. He provides a close version of syntax---information-structure interplay and argues that this interplay happens on the section point, with a privileged position for the sting of the part. extra, he investigates phenomena about the syntax of items in Romance and Germanic - accusative A, p-movement, clitic doubling, scrambling, item shift - and indicates that there are cross-linguistic correlations among syntactic configuration and specificity, self reliant of discourse connectedness. the quantity ends with a longer research of the syntax of dislocations in Romance.
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Extra resources for A Derivational Syntax for Information Structure (Studies in Theoretical Linguistics)
C. ligent que el Joan ho e´s. 7) a. El diari va dir que el Joan es volia divorciar de la Jennifer. ’ b. En quant a la Jennifer, el diari va dir que el Joan es volia divorciar d’ella. ’ c. El diari va dir de la Jennifer que el Joan es volia divorciar d’ella. 7c). However, la Jennifer is not dislocated. Thus, the ‘‘said about’’ test embraces constituents that are not dislocated and does not reach several types of examples of dislocates. 5 Reinhart (1981: 73–8). 6 Moreover, as has often been pointed out, the term ‘‘old information’’ is misleading, because a DP is not ‘‘information’’, a term that is more appropriate to use for propositions—hence my scary quotes.
Chapter 6 returns to the syntax of dislocations, seeking to contribute to some recent debates on their derivation. I start by arguing that CLLD and CLRD are the output of movement and not base-generated where they surface. Then I use sub-extraction again to argue against the Attract/Piedpipe analysis of movement in Chomsky (1995, 2000) as well as against the criterion approach of Rizzi (1996). Finally, I present arguments against alternative analyses of CLRD that merge it in a very high position (Frascarelli 2000; Samek-Lodovici 2006) or a very low position (Cardinaletti 2002).
This is, as a matter of fact, the most natural way of using CLLD. 51) Context: What did you do with the pen? ’ el the boli. pen When CLLD is used in this type of context, the hearer expects a continuation. Without this continuation, the hearer needs to Wnd some way to accommodate an alternative set (although, to be fair, this accommodation is easy to carry out). 52) Context: Did you take the pens to Maria? a. 1st la the portat, brought b. 1st that NEG bolis. ’ 45 Maria. 52b) it is right dislocated.