By Hanne Gram Simonsen, Rolf Theil Endresen
The booklet includes a collection of papers from the convention The Verb in Cognitive Linguistics, held at Gran, Norway in June, 1998. The papers during this ebook are all written inside a cognitive linguistics framework, targeted round diversified linguistic facets of the verb. the 2 keynote papers (by Richard A. Hudson and Ronald W. Langacker) function an advent to this major subject matter, offering a vast viewpoint and a common, theoretical heritage from observe grammar and cognitive grammar, respectively. the remainder ten papers are extra heavily aiming at addressing morphological, syntactic and semantic points of the verb, illustrated via numerous languages and learn components, together with, i.a., grownup language processing, language acquisition, connectionist modelling, and typology. A majority of the papers describe assorted features of Norwegian - a language now not previous investigated at this type of scale inside of cognitive linguistics. Norwegian deals worthy contributions via being heavily regarding English, but differing in yes very important and fascinating methods. furthermore, information from a number of different languages are integrated, between others Italian, Russian, and diversified African languages, offering a much wider typological variety.
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Extra info for A Cognitive Approach to the Verb: Morphological and Constructional Perspectives
When a verb is nominalized, the process it profiles undergoes a conceptual reification, creating an abstract thing to which the profile is shifted; because it profiles a thing, the derived expression is classed as a noun 36 Ronald W. 2). If the trajector or the landmark of a process is a reference point with respect to it, and the process is reified to form an abstract thing, the reference point relation between them then holds between two things. That is precisely how a possessive construction is described: as coding a reference point relation between two things.
It can first be noted that reference point relations do form chains, the target of one functioning in turn as reference point for the next. The clearest example is with possessives, as in (22a). 6 Topic, subject, and possessor 35 (22) a. my mother's cousin's friend's sister's lawyer b. In the kitchen, on the counter, next to the toaster sat the missing kitten. To a limited extent, topics also participate in chains, as we saw in (4). Beyond this, we can observe that subject and object have a privileged status with respect to grammatical constructions for which a reference point analysis is strongly motivated.
Observed them in the baboons' natural habitat. In short, subject and object act as initial and secondary reference points for anaphoric purposes. Van Hoek (to appear) has also shown that they do so for quantifier scope as well. Another reference point construction where trajector and landmark enjoy a privileged status is the use of possessives to specify the focal participants of a nominalized verb, as (24): (24) the army's destruction [of the city]; the city's destruction [by the army] The trajector and landmark of a profiled relationship are claimed to function as reference points for purposes of conceptualizing it.